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History of Online Social Networking

„The first online social network, SixDegrees.com, was established in 1997 (Boyd & Ellison, 2007). […]. The concept that all things are within „six degrees of separation“ was behind this innovative idea. The site attracted many users. A number of sites similar to SixDegrees.com were introduced to the public in the late 1990s and early 2000s, including LiveJournal, Asian Avenue, BlackPlanet, and LunaStorm. […]

MySpace was launchen 2003 by the Company eUniverse. Its user base grew exponentially within just a couple of years, transforming the Web site into the most popular online social networking community in the United States. […]. By 2006 MySpace had more than 20 million users. It was aquired by News Corporation for US$580 million in July 2005 (Rosebush, 2005).

Facebook, another popular social networking Website, was founded by a former Harvard student who used it as a tool to reconnect with former classmates. It was launched in February 2004 (Yadav, 2006). […]. Initially, to join the network, a person was required to have an active college e-mail address. In 2006, the network extended to high schools students and some larger companies. Now, anyone age 13 or older can join the network.

LinkedIn is a professionally oriented social networking site. It was founded in 2003 by Reid Hoffmann and Konstantin Guericke. […] LinkedIn tries to help people to connect with others who might help their careers […].

Other popular social networking sites include Furl, Spurl.net, Shadow, Scuttle, Yahoo! My Web 2.0, Ma.gnolia, Digg, StumbleUpon, and reddit.“

Baker, Kim and Butler, Iryna (2009): Social Networks. History of Social Networking. In: Deans, P. Candace (Hrsg.), Social Software and Web 2.0 Technology Trends. New York, Information Science Reference: 187-188.

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